In the military and public safety world, information technology is often discussed in broader strategic and operational terms.
For example, in the Coast Guard, it is referred to as C4&IT–Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Information Technology.
In the Department of Defense, they often use the term C4ISR–Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance.
According to GovTech Magazine, some public safety agencies (i.e. law enforcement and firefighting) often use another version of this, namely 4CI–Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence.
The article provides some simple straightforward definitions for these (although perhaps skewed for first responders), as follows:
“- Command: The authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources, and for organizing, directing, coordinating and controlling personnel and equipment to fulfill a mission.
– Control: The ability to issue orders or directions, with the result that those directions are carried out.
– Communications: The most essential element. Communications between responders on the ground and command staff are critical to ensure that both groups have a common operating picture of the situation.
– Computers: They process, display and transport information needed by commanders, analysts and responders. Today this increasingly includes mobile devices, such as laptops and smartphones.
– Intelligence: The product of the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation and interpretation of all available relevant information.”
While these capabilities are all critical to mission performance, I am not sure why we have all these variations on the same theme, but at least, we all agree on the 4Cs or is it C4?